Galactic Windmill


M101, The Pinwheel Galaxy in Ursa Major
Sketch and Details by Janusz Krysiak

Object Name:M 101
Object Type:Galaxy

medium: pencil, white paper
equipment: Newton 300/1500
magnification: 68x


The building which has absorbed most of my time, many observations have
enabled me to draw some conclusions. First of all, the best results
achieved when the galaxy was very high. My requests generally
poorly-visible, the middle of the oval and a little brighter, you can
see two “weak points of light” near each other in the vicinity of the
center, I recommend a look around the chief field of view, found three
“weak points of light” to show the galaxy frame, after a long
observation draws M 101 is a painting, sketch shows roughly what I saw
and I must say that gave me a lot of satisfaction.

Janusz Krysiak

Great Globular


M13, The Great Globular Cluster in Hercules
Sketch and Details by Robert Gudański, commentary by Rich Handy

This beautiful view of M13, the Great Globular Cluster in the constellation Hercules, was rendered by Polish amateur astronomer Robert Gudański. The cluster, some 25,000 light years from Earth, contains hundreds of thousands of stars. It’s been said that the core of M13 is so dense with stars that a planet near the center (assuming a transparent atmosphere), would behold a sky full of bright suns. In fact the sky would perpetually be several times brighter than the full Moon. Not quite the place to be if you like Deep Sky Objects!

Synta 8″ dob
Stepnica, Poland
Robert Gudański

Ursa Major Triplet

Ursa Major Triplet

M81, M52 and NGC 3077 in Ursa Major
Sketch and Details by Jef De Wit

M81 and M82 are an impressive duo. But a lot of people don’t know that there is a third galaxy in the neighbourhood (NGC 3077, magnitude: 9,8, surface brightness: 13,2). Even in a small telescope (like my 2,75 inch refractor) you can easily see a lot of detail in this trio.

M81 is the biggest and best visible of the three, M82 is a little less bright than M81 and NGC 3077 was only visible with averted vision. Nice are also the differences in form. NGC 3077 is round, M81 is oval (elongated NW-SE) and M82 is oblong (elongated NE-SW). M81 is the only galaxy with a bright nucleus and a big difference in brightness between the core and the outer halo, M 82 has a less difference in brightness and NGC 3077 is uniform, without any detail.

The problem making this sketch was that I couldn’t see the three galaxies at once in the wide angle eyepiece. To see the edge I had to look around the corner. This made it (for me) difficult to position the stars. Normally I limit a sketch to the field of view I can see at once.

Once inside I made some brightness adjustments to the stars and finished the galaxies with the use of a blending stump (at the eyepiece I work with contour lines). After scanning I did some cleaning up with Paint.

I hope you like this “Ursa Major Triplet”.

Clear skies

Jef De Wit

Object Name: M81, M82 and NGC 3077

Object Type: galaxies

Location: Buis-les-Baronnies, France (44°16 north Lat. 5°16 east Long.)

Date and time: 15 April 2009 around 1.15 UT

Equipment: Meade ETX-70 (2,75 inch refractor)

Eyepiece: 7mm Nagler type 6 (FOV 1,6° and magnification 50x)

NELM: 5,7 mag

Medium: graphite pencils HB/2 and 8B, blending stump, printing paper, scanned and inverted, some cleaning up was made with Paint

Getting a Black Eye in Coma Berenices


M64 (NGC 4826) The Black Eye Galaxy
Sketch and Details by Kiminori Ikebe, translation by Mr. Eiji Kato

M64 (NGC 4826) a Coma Berenices galaxy

Sketch and details by Kiminori Ikebe translation by Mr. Eiji Kato

Date of observation: 2001/05/21 21:46 UT
Observing site: Makinoto, Japan
Transparency/seeing/sky darkness: 3/2/4
Instruments: 32cm Dobsonian with RA8 at 190x
Width of field: 0.31 degree

This is a galaxy southeast of the Coma Berenices Cluster. I sketched this galaxy soon after I acquired the 32cm Dobsonian, but I tried it again.
It is bright and large. There is a small core-like condensation at the center with a sharp stellar nucleus. The surface brightness very gradually and smoothly falls toward the outer regions, which resembles the smoothness of cream. The outline of the galaxy is difficult to determine, as it fades into the background brightness.
A dark lane runs east-north around the nucleus. It is quite clear and with a longer look, it will look like an image in photographs. The dark lane is bent in the middle.

Kiminori Ikebe

Needle in a Deep Dark Haystack

NGC 4565

NGC 4565, The Needle Galaxy in Coma Berenices
Sketch and Details by Ignisdei (Robert Twarogal)


Now I want to present my last night sketch – Needle- galaxy NGC 4565 .This object lays in the constellation Coma Berenices about 50 million light-years away .. It is always a pleasure for me to watch the magnificent shape of this spiral beauty. It is one of the marvellous galaxies of spring night sky. The core of this object is sharp and visible, quite the contrary – long spiral arms are much more elusive.

Object Name Needle- galaxy NGC 4565
Object Type (Galaxy)
Location (Oborniki, suburbia, Poland)

Date (19-04-2009)
Equipment Meade SCT 8″ + Heq5, WO SWAN 40mm and 25mm
Autor: Ignisdei (Robert Twarogal)

Your sincerely Robert