IC 405, Caldwell 31 or the Flaming Star Nebula is an emission/reflection nebula that requires darkness and patience to pull details out. A 12.5” reflector was used here to observe and a NPB filter from DMG optics helpful. I observed & sketched the same object 3 years ago and didn’t see the details visible this time around. I would partly account this to gaining greater ability from sketching the object again with more patience this time around.
Proper motion studies of AE Auriga show it to be an ejected star from the Orion Belt region. Its chance passage through this nebulous region of gas & dust give it a “Flaming Star” appearance.
Heavyweight white paper, 2B pencil, charcoal and brush.
Photoscape to invert
12.5” Portaball 80X
NPB DMG Optics Filter
Object name: M-42
Object type: Nebulosa brillante
Location: Pelayos de la Presa (Madrid) España
Date: 21-Dic-2014 Hora: 02:45 T.U:
Media: lápiz de grafito; A4 de 120 gr; difumino; procesado con GIMP 2.4
Equipo: Refractor Acromático Bresser Messier 152L 1200mm; F/7.8. Montura: HEQ5 Pro. Ocular: WO 2″ 25mm 48X.
Condiciones de observación: Cielo rural urbano con algo de viento y una magnitud límite de 6 a simple vista en el cenit; humedad del 70% aproximádamente
Object name: M-42
Object type: Bright Nebula
Location: Pelayo de la Presa (Madrid) Spain
Date: 21-Dec-2014 Time: 2:45 T.U:
Media: pencil graphite; A4 120 gr; stump; processed with GIMP 2.4
Team: Achromatic Refractor Bresser Messier 152L 1200mm; F / 7.8. Frame:. HEQ5 Pro Ocular: WO 2 “25mm 48X.
Conditions of observation: urban rural sky with some wind and a limiting magnitude of 6 to glance at the zenith; Approximately 70% humidity
Winter arrives, and with it, all the Orion wide field.
Therefore, it’s time for me to propose a drawing of an elusive object of that region: Witch’s Head Nebula, IC 2118.
This observation spent on 3 nights, for an amount of a bit more of 6 hours !
Here are my observing notes:
IC 2118, aka NGC 1909
dates of observation: 8, 9, & 13 02 2013
site: Observatoire des Baronnies Provençales, southern french Alps (www.obs-bp.com)
observing conditions: naked eye visual magnitude 6.6 on UMi, SQML 21.50 to 21.57 at zenith
Instrument: Dobson Obsession 25” (635mm)
power: 100x, with Nagler 31mm and CLS filter.
Drawing with Paintshop Pro 7.
Object Name: M42.
Object Type: Nebula.
Location: Pergamino, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Date 05/12/2014, 00:15am.
Media: White paper, pencil and photoshop to invert colors and make minor tweaks.
Equipment used for the drawing: Helios 114/900 (reflector).
Ocular: Huygens 25mm.
Hi community ASOD, in holidays past summer I had the opportunity to travel to a great place with black skies. A goal Iris nebula in the constellation Cepheus. Easily detected at low power and lose contrast and light passing 100x. The star of magnitude about 7 something brighter northern main oval, followed by gaseous envelope that covers most of extension. In the south 2 star within the gas cloud, leading to the isosceles triangle with the brightest star. A magnificent object late summer.
I would like to show, through this drawing, how the seeing is important to observe and describe very little objects.
Object: NGC 1999
Object type: reflection nebula and globule
Date of observation: 2011 10 01
Length of observation: 60 min
Height of object above horizon: 28.5°
Observing site: Observatoire des Baronnies Provençales (Southern French Alps)
Observing conditions; exceptionally good, mag limit 6.7v, SQM 21.50, FWMH 0.9” !!!
Instrument: Dobson Obsession 25”
Eypiece: Ethos 6mm, without filter, power 520x
Notes: I am astonished: at the eyepiece, I have in front of me a delta winged aircraft, perfectly clean. Extremities of wings are curved, the “head” of the craft easely detailleable. The encreasing of bright nebulosities around the head and at the back of the wings have also been noticed.
The caracteristic blue color of reflection nebulae is obvious.
I send this time a most interesting nebula for amateur-astronomers,
the light- variable Hubbles nebula! Info on my sketch.
The observation was made from Trondheim, Norway.
I used color-crayons on black paper.
Have a good time and dark sky from Per-Jonny Bremseth.
N.B. : In Norway it is summer, and the sky is light, so nothing to see of stars!
At last a chance has come over these holidays to do some observing. Top of my list is Wolfgang’s Webb Society object of the season , Bi-polar reflection nebula in Orion, NGC 2163, not even listed in the Keppler & Sanner bible!
In the last hour I picked the nebula up readily enough by star hoping to the target but had to keep the exposure time of the video camera shorter than usual due to the residual breeze. That said I’m pleased with the result, it is an interesting object and a first observation for me. Appearing as a bow tie N-S in position there are a couple of dark notches visible and a short dust lane in the lower lobe in my sketch. I hope other member get sketches and images too.
The evening of December 4th (morning of the 5th) was a beautiful night at one of my favorite spots 8 miles from my home on the road to Haleakala National Park. Very clear & very dark. I am finishing up my Planetary Nebula project with Astronomical League and at midnight decided to take a break & try for the Horsehead Nebula again while I was totally dark adapted. Last year I was elated to locate it from my driveway but didn’t sketch it at the time. This year I hoped from a darker location it would be even better, but I decided to just look and not get my hopes up.
After enjoying views of the Flame Nebula I placed Alnitak out of my field of view to the north. Using my 27mm & Narrow Pass Band filter I then placed NGC 2023 to the north inside my view and looked for the 2 – 10th & 13th magnitude guide stars to follow into the Horsehead.
I could see a dim dark patch with averted vision, hood over my head and an eyepatch on the opposite eye. After a short time I could make out the thumbprint of the head with some brightness around the rim and with longer observation a notch appeared to the NW. Some tiny stars also present themselves around the head as well as a linear brightness running N/S through IC 434. I then changed to a 20mm with h-beta filter and more light and dark details of IC 434 appeared, though overall it appeared darker. I got to work sketching & writing up details.
As I was finishing my sketch I heard a “whinnying” sound nearby. I froze because it sounded close and I was all alone. After a moment I realized its an app my daughter has on my iPad that makes horse sounds periodically. It just happened to do so while I was observing the “Horse”! I giggled and ended the night there. What could top that!
B33, IC 434, NGC 2023
Dark Nebula, Emission Nebula, Reflection Nebula
Haleakala Highway 6,000 ft el, Maui, Hawaii
12/5/13 12:00pm, 10:00 UTC
12.5” Portaball, h-Beta & NPB filters, 20mm 76x
Charcoal pencil, charcoal with brush technique, white paper
Inverted with Photoscape software
Object Name: Messier 78
Object Type: Reflection Nebula
Location Observatorio Municipal de Mercedes “Ingeniero Ángel Di Palma”, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Media graphite pencil, white paper, Photoshop
Reflector Newt 6″ (130-900), Ocular BST 12 MM, 75X
Seeing (1-6) 3.
Local Time: 23:30
Sebastian Castagna Estación Vientos del Sur Mi Colección de Meteoritos
Object: 20 Trifid Nebula
Location: Mt. Nerone
Date 3rd Aug 2013
Pencil on white paper
This nebula is quite low at my latitude and thus is always submerged in the light pollution halo from cities in the south. This makes it a quite difficult object without a nebula filter. I have obtained the best results with an UHC-S filter. I also tried with an OIII filters which gives outstanding constrast on Lagoon Nebula, which is just nearby, but it is not the best for the trifid.
Did some observing and sketching in the Sagitarius region on 8/24/2013. Very “crowded” area of the sky … so much to see and sketch. What caught my eye was the view of M20/M21, both easily visible in the FOV of my rich field scope. Hope I did it justice.
M20/M21 Nebula/Open Cluster
Warren County NJ
Orion Astroview 100 Refractor
Sketched on a laptop computer
In attachment you can find sketch of nebulas complex in Orion around
Alnitak – NGC 2024 (Flame Nebula), IC434 and B33 (Horsehead Nebula),
IC435, NGC 2023
Object Name NGC 2024 (Flame Nebula), IC434 and B33
(Horsehead Nebula), IC435, NGC 2023
Object Type emission nebulas and dark nebula (Barnard 33)
Location Budy Dłutowskie – small village in central Poland
Media graphite pencil, white paper, color invert
Telescope Columbus 320UL (320/1384 Newtonian) +
Orion Q70 26mm + TS H-Beta 2”’
Seeing 2/5 (good)
Transparency 2/5 (good)
NELM 5,5 mag
I’ve heard that is possible to observe B33 under medium sky
condtitions (5-6mag) using 12” or bigger scope and H-Beta filter and
I’ve wondered is it true… In 2012 I bought 2” TS B-Beta filter and
after some months of really bad weather in Poland I tried it three
When you looking thru the eyepiece you can see Alnitak and misty
shadow of flame nebula. All views using H-beta filter are really dark
so you need few minutes for eye adaptation and you need also to cut
off from all external light sources (using some towel on head or
something like that 🙂 ).
After this adaptation really faint fog of IC434 will appear and in the
middle you can observe small black roundy shaped place in this nebula
– this is the shape of B33.
You won’t observe horsehead shape in 12-16” telescope probably even
in extremely good sky conditions. To see horeheadshape you need 18”
or bigger scope and H-Beta filter.
But its worth to try to observe it. It’s a challenge which can give
you knowledge how you can “detect” and observe really faint objects.
Object Name: NGC 1980
Location: RA: 05h 35m 25.9s, Dec: -05 ° 54 ’35 ”
Dimensions: 14′ x 14’
Type: Open Cluster associated with nebulosity.
Observing Location: Bonilla. Cuenca. SPAIN
Date: December 9, 2012.
Time: 23:15 T.U.
Material used: Graphite pencil on white paper. Inverted image and processed with Photoshop.
Celestron Telescope S / C 8″ Mount Cgt-5
Eyepiece: Hyperion Aspheric 31 mm; Magnification: 65x.
Conditions: NEML: 6.13 (Zone 6 Peg.) Temp.: 0.4°C; Humidity 68%.
Object Name: M20, Trifid Nebula
Object Type: Galactic Nebula (emission, reflection and dark components)
Obeservation Location: Roque de Los Muchachos, La Palma
Date: 2. June 2011
Media: Chalk pencil on black paper
Observer: Christian Rausch
Telescope: 12inch/F5 Dobson (Hofheim Instruments)
The Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, is one of the best places to observe the night sky and main base of the European Northern Observatory.
It took me quite some time to get the sketch, I’ve never seen so much detail within this object before. The sky at the app. 2400m high volcano is amazing, in a few weeks I’ll return there with 2 friends.
M20 (BN/DN in Sgr)
Location : Mt. Bo-Hyun, South Korea (1,100M)
Date : May/27/2012
Media : Black paper, White Pastel / Conte
Equipment : Discovery 15″ Dob, Pentax XL 14mm
Hi. ASOD and everyone.
Last May, the latitude of the M20 is enough than I think. So I observe the Trifid nebula. The most distinctive appearance is the asymmetric three-pronged dark lane and the two fuzzy star located in the middle of the nebula.
Object name: Orion Nebula Region
Object Type: Emission Nebulae
Location: Home Driveway
Date(s): 10/8/11 (for left field), 11/23/11 (for right field)
Media: Graphite pencils (varying hardness), black gel pen, blending stumps
I used my 10″ Orion Intelliscope for these depictions, which were both sketches that were originally done separately, but then later combined into one stitched field.The seeing conditions for both depictions were extremely good, as well as transparency. In the future I may also add additional fields to further-expand the view and area. The nebulae also appeared to have a bluish-greenish tint, which was added in post-processing of the scanned image. The most exciting aspect of these observations were probably the fact that I was peering right into a stellar nursery, a place that stars are beginning their lives. I kept thinking to myself, “if only I had a larger telescope…”
Object Name: NGC 2261(Hubble’s Variable Nebula)
Object Type: reflection nebula
Location: Oderne – small village in southern Poland (picture made during Winter StarParty in Oderne 2012)
Media: graphite pencil, white paper, color invert
Telescope: GSO 10” + Meade 5000UWA 8,8mm
Seeing: 3/5 (average)
Transparency: 4/5 (weak)
Outside temperature: -21*C !!!
NELM: 5,8 mag
This sketch is one of two which I made in most difficult weather conditions. The outside temperature was around -21*C so sketching was very difficult 🙂
On the picture one of my favourite objects – Hubble’s Varaible Nebule which looks like flaming star (around R Mon star).
In telescope larger than 10” you can see small traingle shape mist with some faint structure inside.
– M20 – The Trifid Nebula (NGC 6514)
– Emission/Reflection Nebula
– Apparent Magnitude: 6.3
– Itajobi, Brazil
– July 27th, 2011
– 01h00 (U.T.)
– 2B 0.5mm graphite pencil on white paper
– 180mm dobsonian reflecting telescope
– 20mm Super Plossl eyepiece
– Magnification: 54 x
– Seeing: Antoniadi 1 (fine)
– NELM: 5.5
As I’ve already said, July 2011 was a productive month for me. I could observe and sketch many objects as I had never done before. Conditions were exceptional: no clouds, fair wind and pleasant temperature. That night I pointed my telescope to many objects. One of them was M20. Close to the Zenith, it was clearly seen. The dark paths in the Nebula were confusing, though. Only with averted vision I was able to notice the feature thoroughly, so it was a tough job to put it down on the paper. That was my best observation of The Trifid Nebula, I hope you like it.
Here’s a nice sketch I managed to do roughly a month ago.
Objects: IC 434, Barnard 33, NGC 2023, NGC 2024
Object type: various kinds of nebulae (dark, reflection & emission)
Location: Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain
Media: graphite pencil on white paper, inverted on a computer
This sketch was done under the nice La Palman NELM 7.0 sky using a Tokina 300mm f/2.8 photographic lens. With a eyepiece adapter this lens makes a nice roughly 10cm rich field telescope. I decided to take a glimpse at the Alnitak region in Orion to see if there was any chance to see IC 434. Using a H-beta filter indeed revealed the nebula, which complemented nicely the brighter NGC nebulae in the same field.
More careful observation revealed something unexpected to me. There was a round notch in the relatively sharp east edge of the IC 434 precisely at the location of the Horsehead nebula. Cross checking this feature with friends confirmed it to be real. Being able to see the Horsehead nebula with only a 10cm telescope was really stunning. After all, I had grown up always hearing that seeing it requires at least a medium large telescope. This was truly a lesson that aperture isn’t the last word when observing deep sky.
The sketch is a combination of two simultaneous views of the same field. IC 434 and Barnard 33 were drawn with a H-beta filter whereas NGC 2023 and 2024 were drawn unfiltered.
This is my first sketch presented on ASOD.
Last night I got a clear sky and I started off by looking at one of my favorite objects: M45. The sky was very clear and I was surprised to see a small hint of nebulosity near Merope but it was really faint, almost invisible.
The Seven Sisters plus ofc Atlas and Pleione were shining with a bright light which I tried to mark on my sketch.
I used a 150/1200 Dob , 25mm Plossl Eyepiece, x48 mag (I spread the sketch in two fields, in order to get all the detail.)
Object Name : Messier 45, Pleiades
Object Type : open star cluster
Location : Marosvásárhely, Romania.
Date : 2012.01.21.
Media : graphite pencil on white paper – digitally inverted and enchanced (Autodesk SketchBook).
I have thaught it would be useful for ASOD members to have a sketch of this very little nebula, hidden in the light of Merope. It is very difficult to see, unless the seeing is very good, and it was the case.
Scope time has been very scarce this year. This sketch was done in April.
Encouraged by my attempt at Eta Carina through my 8″ dob, I trained my 17.5″ dobbie at the same target, again from Sydney.
This time, I also used my Grand Daddy of all eyepieces, a 35mm Masuyama. A bit long for this f/4.5 scope, but my only OIII filter was a 1.25″.
Eta Carina is not only huge, it is a very busy place. There are multiple shockwaves within it, masses of star formation both just initiated in the form of dark pillars, of those whose nuclear fires have just kicked in, nebulae within nebulae, and a super massive star about to go supernova.
This magnificent NASA site shows all of these details.
Again, the Homunculus Nebula is too small at 57X, but the supermassive star, Eta Carina, it is associated with is the bright reddish one.
Armed with a battery of sketching implements, the result of 3hrs is below. Ooooohhh, I am going to have soooooo much fun redoing this one at a dark sky site!
Scope: 17.5″ f/4.5 dob
Gear: 35mm Masuyama, 57X, OIII filter
Date: April 8, 2011
Media: white pastel, white & black charcoal pencils, white chinagraph, white and coloured ink on black A4 size paper
Observer: Saeed Zohari
Date: Dec 29, 2010
Time: 20:40 (Tehran: +03:30 UTC)
Location: Tehran ( Lat.: 35° 43.158’N, Long.: 51° 30.616’E, Elev.: 1278m)
Optic: Telescope: Maksutov 102mm Focal Length: 1300mm
Eyepiece: 15mm 66d UltraWide
Object: Trapezium Cluster in the heart of the Orion Nebula
Object Type: Cluster and Nebula
Media: white pencil and black paper
The Trapezium, or Orion Trapezium Cluster is a tight open cluster of stars in the heart of the Orion Nebula, in the constellation of Orion. It was discovered by Galileo Galilei. On February 4, 1617 he sketched three of the stars (A, C, D), but missed the surrounding nebulosity. The fourth component (B) was identified by several observers in 1673, and several more components were discovered later, for a total of eight by 1888. Subsequently several of the stars were determined to be binaries. Telescopes of amateur astronomers from about 5 inch aperture can resolve six stars under good seeing conditions.
The Trapezium is a relatively young cluster that has formed directly out of the parent nebula. The five brightest stars are on the order of 15-30 solar masses in size. They are within a diameter of 1.5 light-years of each other and are responsible for much of the illumination of the surrounding nebula. The Trapezium may be a sub-component of the larger Orion Nebula Cluster, a grouping of about 2,000 stars within a diameter of 20 light-years.
Object Name: NGC 2261
Type: Reflection Nebula
Observing Location: Bonilla. Cuenca. SPAIN.
Date: February 6, 2011
Material used: graphite pencil on white paper. Sketch processed with Photoshop.
Telescope: Celestron S/C 8″ Mount Cgt5
Eyepiece: 13 mm Hyperion (155X). FOV: 0’44º
MALE: 5,7 Temp.: -1ºC
This is the sketch of the beautiful nebula cometary in the constellation Monoceros whose apex is the variable star R Monocerotis.
More information about the sketch and NGC 2261 in:
I did this sketch in my back yard in Vernon B.C. Canada.I live in red zone light polution.
the sketch was made on Jan 9 2011 at 12:20 amPST
I pre loaded the sketching field with Graphite pencil.I made the Nebula with pencil smudged,as well as a blending stump.I have been using a felt tipped pen for my stars ,I am happy witht the results from it.I also used a kneedable erasor to remove the dark dust lane from between M42 and M43.
Tha sketch was made with an 8″ Dob with a 7mm Pentax XW 171X